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Session: 2022/23

Last modified: 15/08/2022 15:08:47

Title of Module: Introduction to Thermo-Fluids

Code: ENGG08021 SCQF Level: 8
(Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework)
Credit Points: 20 ECTS: 10
(European Credit Transfer Scheme)
School:School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences
Module Co-ordinator:Bassam  Rakhshani

Summary of Module

This module is designed to introduce the students to the topics of fluid flow, engineering thermodynamics and heat transfer.

Fluid Mechanics introduces the basic properties of fluids as well as the classification of fluids. The module discusses fluid statics and fluid dynamics.

Introduction to the concepts of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and the conservation of energy will lead to the introduction of the Bernoulli, Navier-Stokes and Euler equations.

Flow in pipes and channels and flow between reservoirs will be explained with appropriate examples.

Shear stress – Shear rate relations will be used to introduce the students to Non-Newtonian fluids and their importance in both engineering and physiological systems.

Compressible flow and multiphase flow will be introduced.

Fluid movers such as pumps, blowers and compressors will be discussed as well as common flow measurement techniques.

The engineering thermodynamics part of the module builds on the basic definitions of work, heat, enthalpy, internal energy, temperature scales and p-v diagrams. The 1st Law of Thermodynamics is applied to both non-flow and flow systems and the energy balance equations for several equipment (e.g. boilers, condensers, compressors, nozzles, etc.) are derived.

The module aims to develop appreciation of the importance of safety in thermal systems, preservation of energy and the importance of sustainability. And also the ability to apply systematic methods for identifying process hazards (e.g. HAZOP), and for assessing the range of consequences (e.g. impact on people, environmental reputation, financial, security).

The module is illustrated by appropriate laboratory sessions. 

  • Fluid statics discusses the concepts of pressure and head. Fluid dynamics starts with the introduction of the concept of shear stresses and their relation with friction and pressure drop in flow systems. Losses due to pipe fittings will be addressed. The principles of similarity will be used to introduce the dimensionless groups of importance such as the Reynolds number and the distinction between turbulent and streamline flows will be stressed.

  • The module introduces the concepts of entropy, reversibility, efficiency and T-S diagrams when discussing the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Compressibility is discussed as part of the introduction of the ideal gas law and other models that describe real gases.

  • Conduction introduces the Fourier law then applies the equation to steady state problems. Convection covers the mechanisms of natural and forced convection and introduces the empirical techniques used to estimate heat transfer coefficients as well as the concept of effective average driving force such as LMTD. Fundamentals of heat transfer by radiation will be discussed and basic concepts such as reflection, absorption, transmission and emission will be explored.

  • I am UWS ( Upon completing this module the students will be equipped with tools that will help them in their journey to be work-ready, successful and universal. The module develops critical thinking and analytical skills that enhance the students’ ability to deal with complicated issues and make them problem solvers. It encourages them to become motivated, innovative, autonomous, inquisitive, creative and imaginative. The module and the teaching approach encourage collaborative working, effective communications, resilience and perseverance, and development of research and inquiry skills. The aim is to produce graduates who are knowledgeable with excellent digital skills fit for the 21st century and aware of the global context in which they operate and the challenges that face humanity in the 21st century in the areas of water, food, energy, environment and well-being, who strive to lead, influence and dare to make transformational changes while being ethically-minded, socially responsible, critically aware of the environmental and social impacts of their decisions and actions, and culturally sensitive.

  • This module has been reviewed and updated, taking cognisance of the University’s Curriculum Framework principles. Examples of this are found within the module such as active and engaging laboratory and tutorial activity, module assessment which reflects real-life (industry) problems/activities, development of problem-solving skills, recorded lecture content supporting students to organise their own study time and the use of integrated group activities supporting learning communities.

Module Delivery Method
Face-To-FaceBlendedFully OnlineHybridCHybridOWork-based Learning
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Term used to describe the traditional classroom environment where the students and the lecturer meet synchronously in the same room for the whole provision.

A mode of delivery of a module or a programme that involves online and face-to-face delivery of learning, teaching and assessment activities, student support and feedback. A programme may be considered “blended” if it includes a combination of face-to-face, online and blended modules. If an online programme has any compulsory face-to-face and campus elements it must be described as blended with clearly articulated delivery information to manage student expectations

Fully Online
Instruction that is solely delivered by web-based or internet-based technologies. This term is used to describe the previously used terms distance learning and e learning.

Online with mandatory face-to-face learning on Campus

Online with optional face-to-face learning on Campus

Work-based Learning
Learning activities where the main location for the learning experience is in the workplace.

Campus(es) for Module Delivery
The module will normally be offered on the following campuses / or by Distance/Online Learning: (Provided viable student numbers permit)
Paisley:Ayr:Dumfries:Lanarkshire:London:Distance/Online Learning:Other:
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Term(s) for Module Delivery
(Provided viable student numbers permit).
Term 1


Term 2check markTerm 3


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Learning Outcomes: (maximum of 5 statements)

On successful completion of this module the student will be able to:

L1. Develop a comprehensive knowledge of the fundamentals of fluid flow, heat transfer and engineering thermodynamics and the role they play in the design and analysis engineering systems and the environment.

L2. Understand the concepts of conservation of mass, momentum and energy when applied to thermofluids and the solution of engineering problems to reach a substantiated conclusion .

L3. Identify and analyse fluid flow, heat transfer and engineering thermodynamics problems using experimental, tabulated, literature and other numerical data.

L4. Demonstrate ability to obtain and critically evaluate experimental thermofluids data, alongside with understanding the principles of risk assessment and of safety management, and be able to apply techniques for the assessment and abatement of process and product hazards. Be able to work in group to perform the experimental tasks

Employability Skills and Personal Development Planning (PDP) Skills
SCQF Headings During completion of this module, there will be an opportunity to achieve core skills in:
Knowledge and Understanding (K and U) SCQF Level 8.

Demonstrating a broad and integrated knowledge and understanding of the main areas of fluid flow, heat transfer and engineering thermodynamics
Demonstrating a critical understanding of a selection of their principal theories, principles, concepts and terminology

Practice: Applied Knowledge and Understanding SCQF Level 8.

Use a selection of the principal skills, techniques, practices and/or materials associated with engineering and industrial tasks
Practice routine searches for thermo-physical data of fluids

Generic Cognitive skills SCQF Level 8.

Be able to compare suggested solutions with expected values

Communication, ICT and Numeracy Skills SCQF Level 8.

The ability to report in writing and orally on experimental findings
Use a range of IT applications to facilitate calculations and provision of report and presentations
Interpret and evaluate numerical and graphical data and use it to design and analyse equipment and systems

Autonomy, Accountability and Working with others SCQF Level 8.

Take some responsibility for use of appropriate data resources
Practice in ways which take account of own role and responsibilities
Work under guidance with qualified practitioners
Recognise the importance of working effectively with others and have acquired a range of experience in achieving this

Pre-requisites: Before undertaking this module the student should have undertaken the following:
Module Code:
Module Title:
Applied Engineering Science
Other:Any other suitable engineering background.
Co-requisitesModule Code:
Module Title:

* Indicates that module descriptor is not published.

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Learning and Teaching
This module covers a wide variety of theoretical, conceptual and practical areas, which require a range of knowledge and skills to be displayed and exercised. Delivery of its syllabus content involves a diversity of teaching and assessment methods to achieve the learning outcomes of the module. These include formal lectures, structured tutorials (work closely integrated with the lecture material), laboratory exercises to develop practical skills and familiarisation with equipment, experimental techniques, understand the principles of safety and loss prevention, and their application to inherently safe design, completion and submission of written coursework making use of appropriate forms of IT and VLE, and independent study.
Learning Activities
During completion of this module, the learning activities undertaken to achieve the module learning outcomes are stated below:
Student Learning Hours
(Normally totalling 200 hours):
(Note: Learning hours include both contact hours and hours spent on other learning activities)
Lecture/Core Content Delivery12
Tutorial/Synchronous Support Activity24
Laboratory/Practical Demonstration/Workshop12
Asynchronous Class Activity0
Independent Study152
200 Hours Total

**Indicative Resources: (eg. Core text, journals, internet access)

The following materials form essential underpinning for the module content and ultimately for the learning outcomes:

Essential: Cengel, Y. A, J M Combala and R H Turner, Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Science, McGraw-Hill, 6th Edition, 2022

Cengel Y and J M Cimbala, Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, McGraw-Hill, 4th Ed., 2014

Douglas, J F, Fluid Mechanics, 6th edition, Prentice Hall, 2011

(**N.B. Although reading lists should include current publications, students are advised (particularly for material marked with an asterisk*) to wait until the start of session for confirmation of the most up-to-date material)

Engagement Requirements

In line with the Academic Engagement Procedure, Students are defined as academically engaged if they are regularly engaged with timetabled teaching sessions, course-related learning resources including those in the Library and on the relevant learning platform, and complete assessments and submit these on time. Please refer to the Academic Engagement Procedure at the following link: Academic engagement procedure

Where a module has Professional, Statutory or Regulatory Body requirements these will be listed here:
In line with the Academic Engagement and Attendance Procedure, Students are defined as academically engaged if they are regularly engaged with timetabled teaching sessions, course-related learning resources including those in the Library and on VLE, and complete assessments and submit these on time. Please refer to the UWS Academic Engagement and Attendance Procedure at the following link:

For the purposes of this module, academic engagement equates to the following:
Students are expected to attend all timetabled sessions and to engage with all formative and summative assessment elements.

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Supplemental Information

Programme BoardEngineering
Assessment Results (Pass/Fail) No
Subject PanelEngineering
ModeratorStephanie Docherty
External ExaminerR Ocone
Accreditation DetailsThis module is part of the BEng (Hons) Chemical and Mechanical Engineering programmes accredited by the IChemE & IMechE
Version Number


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Assessment: (also refer to Assessment Outcomes Grids below)
Assessment for the module includes both formative and summative assessment.
Formative assessment is provided during lectures in the form of class quizzes and exercise problems, during tutorial sessions, during laboratory sessions and as part of the preparation for written submissions.
Summative assessment is provided by class test, written assessment elements as well as a final unseen open book exam.

Assessment Category 1:
Unseen open book exam worth 50% of the final mark
Assessment Category 2:
Continuous assessment worth 50% of the final mark.

The continuous assessment component in this module will consist of the following elements:
Practical with reports worth 50% of the final mark.

Further details, and the academic calendar when assessment is likely to feature, will be provided within the Module Information Pack.
(N.B. (i) Assessment Outcomes Grids for the module (one for each component) can be found below which clearly demonstrate how the learning outcomes of the module will be assessed.
(ii) An indicative schedule listing approximate times within the academic calendar when assessment is likely to feature will be provided within the Student Handbook.)

Assessment Outcome Grids (Footnote A.)

Component 1
Assessment Type (Footnote B.) Learning Outcome (1) Learning Outcome (2) Learning Outcome (3) Learning Outcome (4) Weighting (%) of Assessment ElementTimetabled Contact Hours
Unseen open bookcheck markcheck markcheck mark 502

Component 2
Assessment Type (Footnote B.) Learning Outcome (1) Learning Outcome (2) Learning Outcome (3) Learning Outcome (4) Weighting (%) of Assessment ElementTimetabled Contact Hours
Laboratory/ Clinical/ Field notebookcheck markcheck mark check mark502
Combined Total For All Components100% 4 hours

A. Referred to within Assessment Section above
B. Identified in the Learning Outcome Section above

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  1. More than one assessment method can be used to assess individual learning outcomes.
  2. Schools are responsible for determining student contact hours. Please refer to University Policy on contact hours (extract contained within section 10 of the Module Descriptor guidance note).
    This will normally be variable across Schools, dependent on Programmes &/or Professional requirements.

Equality and Diversity
This module is suitable for any student with appropriate engineering background, however it should be noted that in order for you to complete this module the laboratory element of coursework will require to be undertaken, special support can be provided where necessary, consequently, if special support is needed to complete this part of the module, then the University’s Health and Safety Officer should be consulted to make sure that safety in the laboratory is not compromised.
Current University Policy on Equality and Diversity applies.
UWS Equality and Diversity Policy
(N.B. Every effort will be made by the University to accommodate any equality and diversity issues brought to the attention of the School)

2014 University of the West of Scotland

University of the West of Scotland is a Registered Scottish Charity.

Charity number SC002520.