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Session: 2022/23

Last modified: 23/06/2022 12:07:39

Title of Module: Advanced Fluid Mechanics and CFD

Code: ENGG11033 SCQF Level: 11
(Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework)
Credit Points: 20 ECTS: 10
(European Credit Transfer Scheme)
School:School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences
Module Co-ordinator:Li  Sun

Summary of Module

The module starts with a review of the principles of fluid mechanics and its application to engineering problems, then discusses CFD and numerical techniques, turbulence,  compressible flow, non-Newtonian flow, multiphase systems, flow in porous media, etc.

After a review of the equations of motions, turbulence and boundary/wall treatment, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and turbulence modelling are discussed. The module discusses solution techniques and other issues related to CFD such as errors, uncertainty, validation, mesh quality, convergence, etc.

Both 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional compressible flows will be covered as well as steady and unsteady flows. This includes solution methods including numerical ones, and gas movers as the implications of compressible flow.

Models for stress-strain relations in Non-Newtonian fluids and their applications to different flow situations will be covered. This also includes the implications for equipment in the presence of non-Newtonian behaviour.

The module deals with multiphase flows and issues such as classification of multiphase flows, flow regimes, interfacial interactions and transfer, flow hydrodynamics, instability, and modelling of multiphase systems will be covered. The course will deal with gas-liquid, solid-liquid, solid-gas and liquid-liquid systems.

Theoretical and practical fundamentals of measurements in flow systems will be discussed.

The module will be illustrated with relevant engineering examples.

The module will develop students ability to apply the knowledge of the principles of widely used unit operations to solve complex process problems. 

  • I am UWS ( Upon completing this module the students will be equipped with tools that will help them in their journey to be work-ready, successful and universal. The module develops critical thinking and analytical skills that enhance the students’ ability to deal with complicated issues and make them problem solvers. It encourages them to become motivated, innovative, autonomous, inquisitive, creative and imaginative. The module and the teaching approach encourage collaborative working, effective communications, resilience and perseverance, and development of research and inquiry skills. The aim is to produce graduates who are knowledgeable with excellent digital skills fit for the 21st century and aware of the global context in which they operate and the challenges that face humanity in the 21st century in the areas of water, food, energy, environment and well-being, who strive to lead, influence and dare to make transformational changes while being ethically-minded, socially responsible, critically aware of the environmental and social impacts of their decisions and actions, and culturally sensitive.

Module Delivery Method
Face-To-FaceBlendedFully OnlineHybridCHybridOWork-based Learning
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Term used to describe the traditional classroom environment where the students and the lecturer meet synchronously in the same room for the whole provision.

A mode of delivery of a module or a programme that involves online and face-to-face delivery of learning, teaching and assessment activities, student support and feedback. A programme may be considered “blended” if it includes a combination of face-to-face, online and blended modules. If an online programme has any compulsory face-to-face and campus elements it must be described as blended with clearly articulated delivery information to manage student expectations

Fully Online
Instruction that is solely delivered by web-based or internet-based technologies. This term is used to describe the previously used terms distance learning and e learning.

Online with mandatory face-to-face learning on Campus

Online with optional face-to-face learning on Campus

Work-based Learning
Learning activities where the main location for the learning experience is in the workplace.

Campus(es) for Module Delivery
The module will normally be offered on the following campuses / or by Distance/Online Learning: (Provided viable student numbers permit)
Paisley:Ayr:Dumfries:Lanarkshire:London:Distance/Online Learning:Other:
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Term(s) for Module Delivery
(Provided viable student numbers permit).
Term 1check markTerm 2


Term 3


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Learning Outcomes: (maximum of 5 statements)

On successful completion of this module the student will be able to:

L1. Develop a critical understanding of advanced concepts of fluid mechanics that covers both depth and breadth of the subject.

L2. Develop advanced and critical knowledge of the role played by fluid mechanics in the design and analysis of fluid dynamic systems.

L3. Develop the underlying knowledge that will enable the design and analysis of systems even in the cases of missing and incomplete data through research and innovation.

L4. Develop the advanced skill required to use modern tools such as CFD in the design of engineering systems with critical understanding of their scope and limitations.

L5. Develop the knowledge to select and adapt computational and analytical techniques to tackle complex problems.

Employability Skills and Personal Development Planning (PDP) Skills
SCQF Headings During completion of this module, there will be an opportunity to achieve core skills in:
Knowledge and Understanding (K and U) SCQF Level 11.

• A critical knowledge that covers and integrates most of the main areas of the discipline of fluid mechanics and their relevance and application in engineering context and at advance level.
• A critical understanding of the principal theories, concepts and principles of advanced fluid mechanics.
• A critical understanding of a range of specialised theories, concepts and principles applied to fluid mechanics.
• Extensive, detailed and critical knowledge and understanding of the role of fluid mechanics in engineering applications as well as in other areas such as the environment and biology.
• Develop a critical understanding of the implication of knowledge of fluid mechanics principles in the advancement of modern and innovative engineering design, conservation of resources and sustainability.

Practice: Applied Knowledge and Understanding SCQF Level 11.

• Use a significant range of the core engineering knowledge and skills to advance the knowledge of fluid mechanics and its application in engineering context.
• The ability to use a range of specialised skills, techniques, practices and/or materials that are informed by the recent advances in the field of fluid mechanics.
• Apply a range of standard and specialised research and other techniques to advance understanding of fluid mechanics.
• Plan, develop and execute a relevant design based on advanced knowledge, research and innovation.
• Demonstrate originality, creativity and critical thinking.
• Apply knowledge of fluid mechanics in a wide variety of engineering applications that demand innovation.
Select and apply appropriate computational and analytical techniques to model complex problems, discussing the limitations of the techniques employed.
Select and critically evaluate technical literature and other sources of information to solve complex problems.

Generic Cognitive skills SCQF Level 11.

• Apply critical analysis, evaluation and synthesis to forefront issues, or issues that are informed by forefront developments in the area of fluid mechanics and the interaction with the engineering aspects of the profession.
• Practice at a high level the ability to critically identify, analyse, conceptualise and define new and abstract problems related to fluid mechanics and the application of the concepts in engineering context.
• Develop and demonstrate original and creative thinking and responses in dealing with complex or novel problems and issues.
• Critically review, consolidate and extend knowledge, skills, practices and thinking in the field of fluid mechanics.
• Deal with complex issues and make informed judgements in situations in the absence of complete or consistent data/information through innovation and research.

Communication, ICT and Numeracy Skills SCQF Level 11.

• Communicate, using appropriate methods, to a range of audiences with different levels of knowledge/expertise.
• Communicate with peers, more senior colleagues and specialists.
• Use a wide range of ICT applications to support and enhance work at this level and show critical understanding of the scope and limitations of the tools used and their underlying theoretical basis.
• Undertake critical evaluations of a wide range of numerical and graphical data with the ability to deal with situations involving missing data and lack of information using research.

Autonomy, Accountability and Working with others SCQF Level 11.

• Exercise high level of autonomy and initiative in professional and equivalent activities with the ability to work independently on significant and demanding tasks.
• Take responsibility for own work and/or significant responsibility for the work of others providing leadership.
• Take responsibility for a significant range of resources.
• Demonstrate leadership and/or initiative and make an identifiable contribution to change and development
• Practise in ways which draw on critical reflection on own and others’ roles and responsibilities.
• Deal with complex ethical and professional issues in engineering context and make informed judgements on issues not addressed by current professional and/or ethical codes or practices.

Pre-requisites: Before undertaking this module the student should have undertaken the following:
Module Code:
Module Title:
Co-requisitesModule Code:
Module Title:

* Indicates that module descriptor is not published.

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Learning and Teaching
This module covers a wide variety of theoretical, conceptual and practical areas, which require a range of knowledge and skills at a more advanced level to be displayed and exercised. Delivery of its syllabus content therefore involves a diversity of teaching and assessment methods suitable to the learning outcomes of the module; these include formal lectures, structured tutorials, open ended problem solving, flipped class teaching directly related to assessment tasks, practical exercises in calculation and modelling linked to analysis of equipment performance, completion and submission of written coursework making use of appropriate forms of IT and VLE, and independent study.
Learning Activities
During completion of this module, the learning activities undertaken to achieve the module learning outcomes are stated below:
Student Learning Hours
(Normally totalling 200 hours):
(Note: Learning hours include both contact hours and hours spent on other learning activities)
Lecture/Core Content Delivery24
Tutorial/Synchronous Support Activity12
Laboratory/Practical Demonstration/Workshop12
Independent Study152
200 Hours Total

**Indicative Resources: (eg. Core text, journals, internet access)

The following materials form essential underpinning for the module content and ultimately for the learning outcomes:

Oosthuizen, P. H. and Carscallen W. E. (2014). Introduction to Compressible Fluid Flow. 2nd Edition. Boca Raton, Fla.; London: CRC Press

Chhabra, R.P. and Richardson J. F. (2008). Non-Newtonian Flow and Applied Rheology:Engineering Applications. 2nd Edition. Burlington : Elsevier

Anderson, J. (1995) Computational Fluid Dynamics:the Basics with Applications. McGraw Hill

Tu, J.,Yeoh, GH., and Liu, C. (2018). Computational Fluid Dynamics: A Practical Approach. 3rd Edition. Amsterdam : Butterworth-Heinemann

Yadigaroglu, G.(editor), Geoffrey, Hewitt, G. F. (editor). (2018). Introduction to Multiphase Flow Basic Concepts, Applications and Modelling. Cham, Switzerland : Springer

(**N.B. Although reading lists should include current publications, students are advised (particularly for material marked with an asterisk*) to wait until the start of session for confirmation of the most up-to-date material)

Engagement Requirements

In line with the Academic Engagement Procedure, Students are defined as academically engaged if they are regularly engaged with timetabled teaching sessions, course-related learning resources including those in the Library and on the relevant learning platform, and complete assessments and submit these on time. Please refer to the Academic Engagement Procedure at the following link: Academic engagement procedure

Where a module has Professional, Statutory or Regulatory Body requirements these will be listed here:
Students are expected to attend all timetabled sessions and to engage with all formative and summative assessment elements.

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Supplemental Information

Programme BoardEngineering
Assessment Results (Pass/Fail) No
Subject PanelEngineering
ModeratorAndy Durrant
External ExaminerR Ocone
Accreditation DetailsThis module is part of the MSc Chemical Engineering programme accredited by the IChemE
Version Number


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Assessment: (also refer to Assessment Outcomes Grids below)
Assessment for the module includes both formative and summative assessment.
Formative assessment is provided during lectures in the form of class quizzes and exercise problems, during tutorial sessions, during CFD sessions and as part of the preparation for written submissions.
Summative assessment is provided by written assessment elements as well as a final exam.
Assessment Category 1:
Final exam worth 70% of the final mark
Assessment Category 2:
Course works worth 30% that include CFD and design problem.
(N.B. (i) Assessment Outcomes Grids for the module (one for each component) can be found below which clearly demonstrate how the learning outcomes of the module will be assessed.
(ii) An indicative schedule listing approximate times within the academic calendar when assessment is likely to feature will be provided within the Student Handbook.)

Assessment Outcome Grids (Footnote A.)

Component 1
Assessment Type (Footnote B.) Learning Outcome (1) Learning Outcome (2) Learning Outcome (3) Learning Outcome (4) Learning Outcome (5) Weighting (%) of Assessment ElementTimetabled Contact Hours
Unseen open bookcheck markcheck mark   703

Component 2
Assessment Type (Footnote B.) Learning Outcome (1) Learning Outcome (2) Learning Outcome (3) Learning Outcome (4) Learning Outcome (5) Weighting (%) of Assessment ElementTimetabled Contact Hours
Design/ Diagram/ Drawing/ Photograph/ Sketch  check markcheck markcheck mark300
Combined Total For All Components100% 3 hours

A. Referred to within Assessment Section above
B. Identified in the Learning Outcome Section above

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  1. More than one assessment method can be used to assess individual learning outcomes.
  2. Schools are responsible for determining student contact hours. Please refer to University Policy on contact hours (extract contained within section 10 of the Module Descriptor guidance note).
    This will normally be variable across Schools, dependent on Programmes &/or Professional requirements.

Equality and Diversity
The programme team have considered how the programme meets the requirements of potential students irrespective of age, disability, political belief, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, social background or any other protected characteristic. Students/participants with special needs (including additional learning needs) will be assessed/accommodated and any identified barriers to particular groups of students/participants discussed with the Enabling Support Unit (for further details, please refer to the UWS Equality, Diversity and Human Rights policy). Further guidance is available from UWS Health and Safety Services, CAPLeD, Student Services, School Disability Co-ordinators or the University’s Equality and Diversity Co-ordinator.
UWS Equality and Diversity Policy
(N.B. Every effort will be made by the University to accommodate any equality and diversity issues brought to the attention of the School)

2014 University of the West of Scotland

University of the West of Scotland is a Registered Scottish Charity.

Charity number SC002520.